The gingival abscess is one of dangerous gum disease that is often overlooked because most of the sufferers do not feel pain. But disparaging this disease really wrong and can take you into a serious problem.
We share all that you need to know about this gum problem, going into details how to prevent, treat it and make your gum healthier.
Risk, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention
1. What Is Gingival Abscess?
Gingival abscess is an early stage of gum disease which is caused by the accumulation of plaque and bacteria causing gums inflammation.
Plaque is formed from bacteria and food debris attached on surface of tooth, it can be cleaned with a toothbrush. But if you allowed for a long time to it can harden and form tartar which can only be cleaned by the dentist.
The tartar has a thicker outer layer like the bone that makes the germs inside of it will be protected and increasingly multiply. These germs will irritate your gum layer and cause gingivitis.
You may learn how to get rid plaque and tartar.
Did you know?
The World Health Organization estimates that 1 in 4 adults have bacterial infection in their body, including gums and 15% – 20% of them have serious health problem.
75% of Americans have gum disease and only 3% were concerned and seek treatment.
2. What Are the Signs of Gingivitis?
It is easy to ignore the signs of gum disease. According to one professional dental association, only 10% of adults with gum disease are aware of it.
But if you have swollen and bleeding gums that bleed easily when brushing your teeth or flossing, you may be suffering from gingivitis.
There is no pain that you can feel that tell you gingivitis, therefore the signs cannot be realized.
The symptoms of this condition include:
- Swollen gums.
- Gum color changes to dark red.
- The gums are prone to bleeding, for example when brushing teeth.
- Bad breath.
- The gums are shrunken.
4. Risk Factors
This condition can be experienced by anyone. Here are a number of factors that can increase the risk for this disease:
- Not maintaining oral health, lazy to brush your teeth.
- Smoking or using tobacco in other ways like chewing tobacco. This habit will be hampered regenerate of the gum tissue.
- Dentures with faulty sizes.
- Lack of nutrients.
- Diabetes, this disease can increase the risk of infection.
- Age, the older a person the higher the risk of this disease
- Infection due to certain fungi and viruses.
- Decreased immune system, such as HIV or chemotherapy.
- Hormonal changes, such as during puberty or pregnancy.
- Influence of certain drugs.
- Use of illegal drugs.
5. Professional Diagnosis
In diagnosing gingivitis, the doctor will first ask for symptoms experienced by the patient and review his medical history.
Then the doctor will examine the condition of teeth and gum of patient to see plaque or tartar, as well as signs of inflammation.
Examination the depth of bag formed between the teeth and gums is also important in the diagnosis process.
The doctor will insert a device into it and normally, the depth of gums bag ranges from 1-3 mm. If more than 4 mm indicates of gum disease.
Your doctor may also advise you to do a dental X-ray to see if there is a fracture or tooth loss in the gum bag.
6. Treatment And Prevention
If this disease cause of plaque or tartar, the doctor will handle it as soon as possible to prevent complications. This step is generally done by cleaning the plaque and tartar carefully.
If a patient’s teeth are hollow or dentures are damaged, doctor will do patches to maintain your oral health.
In addition to medical treatment, patients can take some simple steps to help the recovery process such as:
Brushing your teeth at least 2 times a day, especially in the morning after waking and night before bed.
- Use a soft toothbrush and replace it with a new one every 12-16 weeks.
- Using antibacterial mouth rinse if recommended by your doctor.
- Cleaning between teeth with dental floss or toothpick. At least once a day.
- Do not smoke or use tobacco in any form.
These steps can also help prevent the recurrence of gingivitis and lowering the risk of this disease.
In addition, regular dental care by dentists at least 2 times a year is also an effective preventive.
Read also how to cure gingivitis at home.
Most cases of gingivitis, including those with mild or moderate levels, should be treated as soon as possible.
If you ignore this, it could potentially develop into a more difficult condition called periodontal, an inflammation of binding tissue inside the gums and on bones around the teeth, which generally lead to tooth decay.
Check the condition of your dental health and gums if there are symptoms of gingivitis. Quick and proper handling will prevent you from the risk of complications.