Regular toothbrush, dental flossing, and others are the process of cleaning plaque and prevention of tartar growth, but not to remove it.
If you are wondering how to get rid of tartar both with dentist helping or at home be your own dentist. You have to know the difference of plaque and tartar because we will discuss how to eliminate both.
Plaque is an accumulation of bacteria in the form of a film in the mouth – on the teeth, fillings, dentures, gums and tongue that appear 1-2 hours after brushing and also after meals.
If you do not remove plaque within a week, then it will start to harden and gradually turns into tartar and also called calculus. It causes mechanical damage to the gums and the destruction of healthy tooth.
Also, bacterial activity in tartar can easily make cavities and lead to gingivitis. If not handled properly this condition may extend into periodontitis, which is a severe gum infection that can cause damage to soft tissue and tooth bones.
In certain conditions, dental disorders also trigger fatal complications such as stroke or heart attack due to bacteria from the pile of plaque that enters the bloodstream.
How to Remove Plaque from Teeth
Plaque on teeth can be removed both at home or regular cleaning at a dentist, the cheapest and best way are:
1. Brushing your teeth with the right technique
Brushing your teeth regularly twice a day for 2 minutes, if you just brush your teeth for 30 seconds or a minute, it will not make the plaque disappear from your teeth.
Use a soft brush and small enough to get into sidelines of the tooth. Make sure when brushing, you reach all parts.
It is recommended to use toothpaste with high fluoride and pyrophosphates content because both help protects your teeth from damage and prevent porousness.
In general, there are five types of brushing methods such as horizontal, vibratory, roll, circular and vertical method.
The circular method is mostly used and very effective in removing dental plaque. The bristles are placed at a 45° angle to the long axis of the tooth and moved back and forth horizontally, in small vibratory movements, covering three teeth at a time. Pressing the bristles firmly cleanses the occlusal surfaces.
2. Electric Toothbrush
Several studies have shown that electric toothbrush is more effective for removing plaque compared to regular toothbrushes, it can reduce more than 21% of plaque and 11 % of gingivitis risk.
Also improving gum health after 3 months of routine especially if using a rotation oscillation feature.
3. Dental Floss
Although you have regular brushing, there must be parts of teeth that are not reachable with a brush. You can rely on dental floss to clean between teeth.
Things to remember, if you swipe it too hard, it will damage the gums and it should be avoided and how to use dental floss correctly.
There are two types of dental floss that are made of nylon (multifilament) and PTFE (monofilament). Monofilament indeed tends to be more expensive because it is more slippery so easily moved between the teeth.
Grab dental floss about 45 cm and wrap the tip around your index finger, while the other held it so you can control the movement.
Rubbing it between your teeth, make sure to swipe it slowly and do not hit the gums because it makes your gums wound.
When touching the bottom of tooth or close to the gums, move it to form the C letter up and down.
You should maintain the same pattern. If you usually start from right then to the left, do these continually.
4. Use mouthwash regularly twice a day for 30 seconds. It prevents plaque buildup. Make sure your mouthwash contains antiseptic, so it can help kill bacteria and germs.
Mouthwash also makes tartar easier to clean.
The Best and Fast Way to Get Rid of Tartar
The right place to cleaning calculus is at the dentist’s office, but also there are many recipes for self-removal. Here we talk about the best and fast procedures, so we don’t mention all the recipe, we just choose the best.
1. Scale – Fastest Way Tartar Removing
Scales is a cleaning process of tartar on the surface, back, and the root of a tooth as deep as 1-3 mm.
Your doctor will give you anesthetic to relieve pain during the cleansing process and possibly antibiotics if you have certain health conditions.
Tools that used to scale and root planning is also diverse. Some doctors use the standard scraper and others use ultrasonic tools to remove tartar.
You need to know how the scale will be done. Certain tools will affect the level of dental hygiene, gum, and intermittently. For example ultrasonic cleaning the teeth with vibration.
This vibration will produce air bubbles that can kill anaerobic bacteria (bacteria that only live without air) that live in between the teeth and gums.
Unfortunately, this method cannot reach the parts of teeth in the gums. Therefore talk to your doctor, what the method your doctor will use to get maximum results.
After the cleansing process to reduce the risk of infection, doctors usually give antibiotics before and after the scale.
These antibiotics are placed between the gums and the teeth, later after a week, it will be removed.
To improve dental hygiene, you may also need a polish process.
Polish is useful to remove stains or marks produced by tartar.
You may need to do scale and polish process more than once if the plaque and tartar have been piled up.
The scale is a way to prevent tooth and gum infections. By routinely your dental plaque will not be a tartar that can trigger gum infections (gingivitis) or bone densities.
Important Things to Remember
Before doing this process, consult your doctor both your health condition and your medical history because this will affect the scaling process as well as antibiotics to reduce the risk that may occur.
A person with certain conditions may have a high risk of having a severe infection.
Some conditions that require antibiotics before and after the process are patients who have undergone heart valve surgery, artificial hip, or other artificial body part surgery.
Patients who have problems with the immune system and cardiovascular health problems are also at high risk of infection.
2. Baking Soda
Baking soda is naturally antimicrobial in nature, it is the most popular and widely believed natural ingredient as tartar remover.
- Mix one cup of baking soda with half a spoon of salt.
- Take the toothbrush and clean it with water
- Dip the toothbrush into the mixture and scrub it on your teeth for five minutes.
- Later, mix a cup full of hydrogen peroxide with half a cup of warm water.
- Rinse the mouth with this mixture for one minute.
- After this procedure, use a dental pick to rub the tartar on the teeth.
- Then, rinse your mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash.
- Repeat this procedure one a week
It is one of the most inexpensive ways and according to a 2008 study published in The Journal of Clinical Dentistry analyzed five clinical studies and concluded that baking soda paste or powder can more efficiently remove plaque than non-baking soda products.
But using baking soda without knowing the dosage that you need may damage the tooth enamel. So, just follow the above procedure.
3. Black Radishes
Dentists pay attention to this recipe and believed the radish juice and lemon soften calculus.
- Take a head of black radish and mix it with fresh lemon juice.
- Then chewed the mixture for 15 minutes and spit out.
After trying this recipe do not smoke, drink staining drinks like tea, coffee or wine.
You can try black radish and baking soda recipes above, both believed as the fastest way compare to other natural ingredients.
However, visiting a dentist is the best way.