Gastritis is a digestive disease that causes inflammation of the stomach. Gastritis can appear suddenly (acute gastritis) or gradually in a long time (chronic gastritis). What are the symptoms of gastritis or inflammation of the stomach that must be known?
Common Symptoms Of Gastritis
Inflammation of the stomach lining can be caused by various things. Among other things, stomach acid that rises to damage the stomach wall or due to bacterial infections that cause stomach injury.
There are also a variety of triggers for acid reflux, which we often experience or do in our daily lives. For example, severe stress, smoking, eating spicy, acidic and fatty foods, drinking caffeinated beverages such as coffee and tea, drinking alcohol too often on an empty stomach, or taking NSAID painkillers such as aspirin in the long run.
There are many more causes of gastric inflammation that may occur. But whatever the cause of your gastritis, generally this disease will cause symptoms such as:
1 Bloated stomach
Gastritis can cause symptoms of bloating due to the overgrowth of H. pylori in the stomach and small intestine.
Launch page Harvard Health Publishing, gastroenterology specialist from Harvard Massachusetts General Hospital, Dr. Kyle Staller said the excess bacteria in the stomach will continue to produce gas which then causes the stomach to feel full and gasy (bloated).
In addition, bloating can also be a symptom of gastritis due to drinking too much alcohol on an empty stomach. Alcohol is a substance that causes inflammation. This inflammation can be further triggered by a mixture of other ingredients in alcohol, such as sweeteners and carbonated water.
These various substances can then cause a stomach puffiness or bloating after drinking alcohol. Thus, gastric inflammation due to gastritis can be made worse by the effects of alcohol in the stomach.
2 Stomach ache
Stomach ache is the most common symptom of gastritis. Stomach pain that occurs due to gastritis indicates inflammation of the stomach lining. Abdominal pain that you feel can be pain accompanied by heat.
Inflammation of lambuung can be caused by infection with H. pylori bacteria. Gastric lining whose function is to protect the stomach from acids to digest food will thin out when attacked by bacterial infections.
Acid toxins produced by bacteria can perforate the stomach wall and form sores or ulcers in the stomach. Damage to the stomach lining can cause pain and discomfort in the stomach.
Stomach aches can also occur after you consume drugs, foods, or beverages that trigger gastritis. For example, alcoholic drinks, spicy or acidic foods, NSAIDs anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and aspirin. These various intake can irritate the stomach lining so that it makes the stomach ache.
3 Vomiting and nausea
The emergence of nausea and vomiting is a response from inflammation due to H. pylori infection in the stomach.
These symptoms can also appear when you eat food or drinks that trigger the rise of stomach acid. When stomach acid rises, acid gases can gather in the stomach and cause your stomach to feel full or full. This is what can further make you nauseous, even vomiting.
Symptoms of nausea and vomiting that are felt after eating can be a sign of inflammation in the stomach lining.
4 Burning sensation in the chest
The next symptom of gastritis is a burning sensation in the upper abdomen, around the solar plexus. This symptom is commonly felt after eating or during sleep, because stomach acid leaks flowing down the esophagus.
Gastric acid can leak into the esophagus due to abnormalities in the limiting valve between the stomach and your esophagus.
When the gastritis is severe enough, the sphincter muscle or valve that separates the stomach and esophagus is weak. As a result, stomach acid will easily rise to the esophagus.
5 Loss of appetite
Inflammation in the stomach that causes general nausea makes the sufferer become appetiteless.
When stomach acid rises and produces a lot of gas, the stomach feels full. This makes the stomach feel like “full” or so. As a result, you become lazy to eat.
Especially if the taste is so bad to make you nauseous. It must feel like throwing up whenever you bribe food.
6 Black stool color
Symptoms of gastritis that cause black stools you should watch out for. This condition means that inflammation has caused bleeding in the stomach.
Bleeding can occur when an infection or inflammation causes injury to the stomach wall. When the wound or ulcer bleeds and then mixes with other digestive juices, the stool will darken and tend to be blackish.
How to relieve symptoms of gastritis
In most cases, how to treat gastritis symptoms will depend on the cause.
If the cause is a common stomach acid problem, your doctor may prescribe antacids or other medicines to reduce your stomach acid production. This medicine helps relieve gastritis symptoms such as stomach pain and heartburn, as well as heartburn and throat sensation.
Meanwhile, if your gastritis symptoms are caused by a bacterial infection, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics combined with PPI drugs. The combination of these two drugs is effective at killing bacteria and at the same time reducing stomach acid.
While taking gastritis medication, you will be advised to avoid foods that are oily, fatty, spicy, and acidic so that symptoms don’t get worse.
The doctor also recommends that you do not smoke and drink soft drinks, and reduce stress so that the stomach does not become more inflamed.